Howard S. Jonas has been the Vice-Chairman of our Board of Directors since November 14, 2016. He was our Chairman of the Board from June 2, 2016 until November 14, 2016 and has been a member of our Board of Directors since May 23, 2016. He has also served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Genie Energy Ltd. since January, 2011, when Genie was spun off from IDT. In addition, he has served as Chief Executive Officer of Genie since January 2014 and Co-Vice Chairman of Genie Energy International Corporation since September 2009. He has been a director of IDT Energy since June 2007 and a director of American Shale Oil Corporation LLC since January 2008. Howard Jonas founded IDT in August 1990, and has served as Chairman of its Board of Directors since its inception. Howard Jonas served as Chief Executive Officer of IDT from October 2009 through December 2013. Howard Jonas also serves as the Chairman of the Board of IDW Media Holdings, Inc., a former subsidiary of IDT that was spun off to stockholders in September 2009. Howard. Jonas is also the founder and has been President of Jonas Media Group (f/k/a Jonas Publishing) since its inception in 1979. Howard Jonas has been a director of Cornerstone Pharmaceuticals since April 2013 and was appointed Chairman of the Board of Cornerstone in April 2016. Howard Jonas received a B.A. in Economics from Harvard University. Howard Jonas is the father of Michael Jonas, Chairman of our Board of Directors.